Support to people with a range of disabilities which includes intellectual, physical and acquired brain injuries

Glossary

We’ve explained some disability terms below for your reference. If we’ve missed some you would like included, please let us know.

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

Damage to the brain acquired after birth.

Advocacy

Parents (or families), organisations or volunteers working on behalf of the rights and interests of others (such as people with disabilities). Parents are often the best advocates for their children.

Alternative To Employment (ATE)

Services that seek to ensure that people with disabilities with high support needs, who require an alternative to paid employment, have access to a range of opportunities to develop skills and participate within their community.

Alzheimer Disease

A degenerative disease of the brain, causing mental degeneration.

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

A discipline devoted to the understanding and improvement of human behavior through skill acquisition and the reduction of problematic behavior in a measurable and accountable manner. Often used interchangeably with behavior modification.

Asperger Syndrome or Disorder

A developmental disorder characterised by a lack of social skills, impaired social relationships, poor coordination and poor concentration. Children with Asperger Disorder have average to above average intelligence and adequate language skills in the areas of vocabulary and grammar, but they may not understand the subtleties used in conversation such as irony and humor. It is believed that Asperger Disorder has a later onset than Autistic Disorder or at least is generally recognised later.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

A disorder that shows up in the areas of inattention and impulsiveness. It is evidenced by having difficulty organizing and completing tasks correctly, frequent shifting from one activity to another, failure to follow rules. ADD without hyperactivity refers to the disorder without a high degree of atypical motor activity.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

This is similar to ADD but includes gross motor overactivity, such as excessive running, talking, or manipulation of objects and excessive fidgeting and restlessness.

Autism

A developmental disorder significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social relationships, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Conditions which exhibit spasticity, weakness, lack of coordination or any other motor problem due to organic brain damage. These include sensory and/or movement disorders, seizures, mental retardation, learning disabilities and disorders of behavior.

Disability Services Commission (DSC)

The State Government agency responsible for advancing opportunities, community participation and quality of life for people with disabilities. The Commission provides a range of direct services and support and also funds non-government agencies to provide services to people with disabilities, their families and carers.

Down Syndrome

A syndrome resulting from chromosomal abnormalities.

Intellectual Disability

People with an intellectual disability have difficulties with thought processes, learning, communicating, remembering information and using it appropriately, making judgements, and problem solving.

Local Area Coordinator (LAC)

A person available through the Disability Services Commission who provides support and is focused on supporting families of and people with disabilities by providing information, planning for the future, advocacy and working to build inclusive communities.

Person-Centred Plan (PCP)

An individualised approach to ensuring a person with disability is supported by the disability services provider, family and friends to achieve their life goals and dreams.

Post School Options

Provision of information and support to eligible school leavers who may be eligible for Alternatives to Employment support.

The PSO process is for applicants who are unable to:

  • pursue full time studies;
  • sustain twenty hours or more of employment per week in a business or open employment service; or
  • pursue a combination of the above.
Quality of Life (QOL)

Ensuring that a person’s life is improved by providing opportunities to grow and develop across their physical, emotional, intellectual, social, spiritual and economic dimensions.